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12. The Mocamas Starve out the French

French Oven

“a great famine followed because the Indians, both those nearby and those farther away, cut themselves off from us….. things got so much worse that three or four miles had to be covered before any Indian could be found.” – Jacques Le Moyne, 1565

In January 1565, the Mocamas realized once and for all that the French were not their political allies despite their 1564 treaty. Yet again, the French refused to participate in the Mocama iri (war) on the Thimogonas. Instead the French sent men to aid Parucusi Utina, the Thimogona high chief, in another attack against one of his enemies. Betrayed once again, most Mocamas responded by cutting off relations with the French. They stopped providing information and hono (food) and other supplies to Fort Caroline. The Mocamas were going to starve the French out.

Initially, the French tried to buy hono (food) from those Mocamas still willing to trade with them. But, as the French grew more desperate for hono, they shifted to violently attacking Mocama leaders and stealing Mocama tapolo (corn). They even kidnapped Utina, hoping the Thimogonas would offer food as ransom for their parucusi. They did not.

Images

National Park Service French Oven from a Side Angle A photo from a side angle of a National Park Service recreation of a French Oven located on the path to the replica fort. Source: Center for Instructional and Research Technology (CIRT), University of North Florida, and the National Park Service Creator: Michael Boyles (photo) and the National Park Service at the Fort Caroline National Memorial (display) Date: 2023
National Park Service French Oven A photo of a National Park Service recreation of a French Oven located on the path to the replica fort. Source: Center for Instructional and Research Technology (CIRT), University of North Florida, and the National Park Service Creator: Michael Boyles (photo) and the National Park Service Fort Caroline National Memorial (display) Date: 2023
Indigenous Fort Caroline Tour Map A map displaying the physical locations associated with each tour spot. You are now at Spot 12 in front of the French Oven located outside of the Fort Caroline replica. Our path takes you from the Main Parking Lot, past the Timucuan Preserve Visitor Center, overlooking the river, along the Fort Caroline Memorial Trail, to the actual replica of Fort Caroline. Source: Center for Instructional and Research Technology (CIRT), University of North Florida, and the National Park Service Creator: Michael Boyles and the National Park Service at the Fort Caroline National Memorial Date: 2023

Location

Metadata

Indigenous Florida, “12. The Mocamas Starve out the French,” Indigenous Florida, accessed April 20, 2024, https://indigenousflorida.domains.unf.edu/items/show/45.